The Venezuelan currency of the Bolivar to the US dollar declined by more than 1% per day, follows from the official message of the country's central bank.
On December 6, the Bolivar rate updated its historical maximum, breaking the psychological mark of 40,000 and at the time of writing, is 41,623 bolivars per dollar. Since the beginning of the year, the bolivar rate has decreased by 22004.21%
The difficult economic situation has led to the highest inflation in Venezuela.
The Venezuelan economy has halved since 2013. Oil production and export fell to the level of the 1940s, multinational corporations leave the country, and foreign embassies close or reduce the number of diplomats. “Caracas has an eerie feel for a modern city whose people have gone on vacation forever,” said David Smild of WOLA, an American human rights organization. “The buildings, streets and roads remained the same, but there are half as many pedestrians, cars and goods.”
A few decades ago, Venezuelans flew from Caracas to Paris on Concorde supersonic airliners. Now they are leaving a country devastated by the economic crisis and finding themselves in political isolation for their two across the border with Colombia, Ecuador or Brazil. Foreign companies leave the country together with residents, while the remaining Venezuelans are rapidly curtailing their business.
The country has become a beggar, it even got to the point that McDonald's suspended the sale of Big Mac hamburgers in Venezuela due to a shortage of bread. Even toilet paper was once in short supply. However, with such inflation, it is economically more profitable to use money instead. Medicines are also in short supply.
How did “loving” citizens react to hyperinflation, lack of drugs and toilet paper, restrictions on daily cash withdrawals from banks and accrual of pensions at Petro, which they do not accept at any store? Three million have left, the rest are trying to survive on the ground.
The topic of cryptocurrencies would never have arisen in Venezuela if the authorities had not forbidden citizens to use freely convertible money. Of course, despite the prohibitions, the country has a black currency market, so it would seem that he exchanged the garbage of sovereign bolivars for enemy dollars and enjoy life.
The problem, however, is that there is nothing for people to exchange internally. The average salary is four dollars a month, in addition, paid in bolivars. By the time you get to the local currency speculator, the papers will depreciate to three dollars.
The whole parish, as it is, is the earnings of relatives and relatives who emigrated to Colombia, Argentina, Brazil and further throughout America. How to transfer their money to Venezuela if it is forbidden to use convertible currency?
It was then that cryptocurrencies came to the rescue. Why ordinary Venezuelans from more than 1600 cryptocurrencies opted for Bitcoin? Bitcoin as a cryptocurrency, of course, is endowed with objective advantages: it is an open and decentralized payment system with genuine anonymity, an instant transaction service, symbolic commission and the absence of intermediaries.
Talk about Petro. Petro has never been a cryptocurrency, but has always been a token, in addition to a vague etiology.
Cryptocurrency is a unit of account, transactions with which are carried out in a decentralized, cryptographically protected database – blockchain. A token is a debt obligation or contract for the provision of services in the present or in the future.
Petro has never had its blockchain. At first it was stated that the “national cryptocurrency of Venezuela” will exist on the Etherium blockchain, that is, in the form of an ERC-20 token. Then the documentation was changed, transferring the "cryptocurrency" to the NEM blockchain. At the last moment, they again changed their minds and “registered” in Etherium.
There is no need to talk about any decentralization of Petro: formally, the token is tied to the price of 1 barrel of Venezuelan oil, but this value is determined not by the market rate (which goes in the range of 42–72 dollars), but by decrees of the country's president. In addition, Ayacucho 1 oil reserves in the Atapirir region, which have never been developed by anyone, are offered as a “cryptocurrency” collateral.
For Venezuelans, Petro was and remains a fiction, and the last real refuge from poverty gives them the most real cryptocurrency – Bitcoin.